Point to point wireless Ethernet bridge, also known as fixed wireless backhaul, PTP wireless, or point to point microwave, is an ideal complement or replacement to leased lines and fiber. Whether the requirement is to link individual buildings, communicate between buildings, or link networks across large distances, organizations are increasingly turning to point to point wireless backhaul networks, both licensed microwave links and unlicensed wireless bridges, as the preferred solution. Point to point wireless backhaul provides several advantages: Increase Bandwidth - Up to Gigabit data/voice links (gigabit wireless) Extend Fiber & T1 Installations Lower cost of installation No recurring connection fees Reduce leased line dependency Quick installation—days instead of weeks or months ROI - Cost can usually be recouped in months Performance unaffected by environmental factors Advanced Security - DOD and HIPPA compliant 99.999% Reliability Because there are no recurring lease fees to a phone company or service provider, outdoor wireless bridge networks in a point to point wireless backhaul configuration saves you money month after month. That, along with the modest cost of the outdoor wireless bridge equipment, is one reason that point to point wireless backhaul costs can be rapidly recouped. Once the wireless bridge equipment is installed, you own it and there are no other costs other than minimal routine maintenance. Point to point microwave radios provide high quality network connectivity. Point to point wireless bridges can be both simple and inexpensive unlicensed wireless Ethernet bridges or true carrier grade (fiber replacement) licensed microwave links


Outdoor point to multipoint wireless backhaul systems offer today's most flexible,economical, and easily deployed solutions for connecting multiple remote sites to the network. Point to multipoint wireless backhaul systems are ideal for interconnecting campus buildings, security systems, control systems, IP video surveillance cameras, WISP applications, integrating remote business sites, or installing last mile connections. Point to multipoint wireless Ethernet bridges are generally in the 900MHz, 2.4Ghz, and 5GHz ranges. These systems can provide DSL equivalent up to 170+ Mbps aggregate throughput. They are generally used where bandwidth requirements are generally lower and provide great DSL/T1 replacement. The range can extend as far as 10 miles, with optimum performance in the 1 to 2 mile range. Point to multipoint wireless backhaul systems are made up of a Base Station Unit (BSU or AP) that can communicate with multiple Subscriber Units (SU's). Many systems can handle over 100 plus SU's per BSU. In most cases the BSU's provide a sector antenna beam pattern (typical is 60 degree, with some systems allowing external antenna configurations for expanding to 90 and 120 degree sector antennas). Multiple BSU's can be installed to create a 360 degree sector (like a typical cell site configuration).


Wireless Video Where You Need It!
The convergence of video surveillance and IP networking technology has lead to the prevalent use of computer based video and access control security systems operating on IP network infrastructure. Wireless backhaul, also known as fixed Ethernet wireless bridge, networks significantly reduce the cost of this infrastructure by either eliminating the need for structured cabling or augment structured cabled cctv networks by expanding the reach of the network parameter that cannot be reached easily by structured cabling.
Organizations of all verticals, from retail, education, to government organizations are being challenged to install outdoor video surveillance in areas that are too remote, too costly or physically impossible to reach with traditional cabling or fiber (wireless last mile applications).
Outdoor wireless bridge backhaul of video surveillance and security solutions allow for the wireless backhaul of high-resolution, real-time video surveillance from an unlimited number of video surveillance cameras and control systems. Wireless backhaul solutions can be deployed quickly and cost-effective. Video (cctv or IP) cameras, along with other security monitoring systems, can be transferred over point-to-point wireless, point-to-multipoint wireless, or wireless mesh backhaul systems. Wireless video surveillance solutions can be used in permanent fixed wireless backhaul, a temporary wireless video system, or mobile applications with wireless mesh.
Because wireless backhaul allows for quicker and more affordable deployments, organizations can scale their coverage needs and relocate systems as needs change. Even over vast distances an organization can deploy wireless video surveillance equipment.


Our VSAT systems provide high speed, broadband satellite communications for Internet or private network communications. VSAT is ideal for such uses as large file transfers, video transmissions, emergency backup communications and remote Internet connectivity. VSAT is an excellent way to connect remote offices, camp sites or mobile oilfield crews and media vans to provide Internet connectivity for a video transmission, Voice over IP telephone services, or to send or receive data for your business operations. Network Innovation’s VSAT services provide shared (TDMA) or dedicated (SCPC) bandwidth at variable speeds from 64 Kbps to multi-Mbps. With 1.7 million VSAT terminals worldwide, the satellite broadband market serves enterprises, government authorities and consumers in areas where it remains the optimal and sometimes unique solution for accessing a high-speed network. Very Small Aperture Terminals A VSAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal) is a two-way satellite ground station with antennas up to 3 meters. Most VSAT antennas range from 90 cm to 1.2 m. Bandwidth typically ranges from 64 Kbit/s up to 4 Mbit/s. VSAT uses geostationary satellites offering virtual global coverage. Communication is possible between a remote earth stations (terminals) to a master earth station called “hub” (in star configurations) or to other terminals in the group (in mesh configurations).
VSAT service enables small terminals to benefit from always-on broadband connectivity. In addition to supplying a single work station or a local network, D-STAR can serve Wi-Fi hot spots or power line networks. VSATs are available for use on fixed, transportable and on-the-move locations


Microwave Networking is a new concept that deals with adding advanced networking intelligence into the microwave domain. Microwave Networking brings together your microwave and your IP network to form a single integrated solution and integrates the management and operations of the networks to achieve improved performance and overall network simplicity. Microwave Networking requires (1) Smart Networking Products and (2) Smart Networking Services. As the world shifts to IP, you need to successfully integrate your IP microwave network with other devices and make sure it can adequately handle networking functions such as synchronization, security, QoS, redundancy/protection, and routing. Doing this seamlessly requires microwave products capable of best-in-class networking, with features like: Enhanced quality of service (QoS) Carrier Ethernet Leading synchronization solutions MPLS-aware microwave platforms Even if you’re using the best products in the world, products alone won’t cut it! Building, integrating and maintaining your IP network is vitally important in successfully transitioning to IP. Buying state-of-the-art microwave radios and never getting implementation help is like buying a new plane and never taking a flying lesson. And you’d want to find the best flying instructor possible, because you’re putting your life in their hands.
We provide the following services to help you throughout the process – from planning your network and purchasing equipment through installing and protecting your investment. DESIGN - We do the footwork to help you plan every facet of your network, from selecting the right radio for the job to integrating networking technology DEPLOY – When it’s time to implement the plan, PAIS bring years of industry expertise to ensure a smooth network installation and worry-free commissioning. CARE – After your network is up and running, we make resources available to protect, maintain, and manage your investment into the future. With a comprehensive suite of microwave networking products and services, PAIS is your trusted source to remove the complexity, cost and risk associated with critical transition to IP.


A passive optical network (PON) is a network architecture that brings fiber cabling and signals to the home using a point-to-multipoint scheme that enables a single optical fiber to serve multiple premises. Encryption maintains data security in this shared environment. The architecture uses passive (unpowered) optical splitters, reducing the cost of equipment compared to point-to-point architectures. The GPON (gigabit passive optical network) standard differs from other PON standards in that it achieves higher bandwidth and higher efficiency using larger, variable-length packets. GPON offers efficient packaging of user traffic, with frame segmentation allowing higher quality of service (QoS) for delay-sensitive voice and video communications traffic. Gigabit PON (GPON) is currently the most widely deployed TDM PON system around the globe. Some operators are migrating BPON to GPON, or still rely on the performance of GEPON. The main features of a TDM PON network are the fiber architecture, which is based on a power splitter, and the time multiplexing of user’ traffic. In other words, not only the fiber architecture but also a single wavelength channel is shared between users connected to a PON. It makes GPON more cost-effective in several ways compared with other FTTH technologies. The broadcast nature of the network naturally allows for the deployment of television services such as CATV and IPTV.


The optical power splitter used in GPON is defined to have a maximum split ratio of 1:128 so expenses are shared between a huge amount of users In practice, the maximum allowed number is limited by the link budget which basically boils down to the amount of optical losses introduced by the power splitter. A typical deployed split factor is 1:32; a result of a trade-off between distance between the home and the splitter and the number of homes passed. A frequently used option by operators is to split in sub-stages such that the network is deployed more efficiently and is more robust to bandwidth growth. In that case, splitters with smaller split ratios are used in intermediate stages. Technology

The GPON standard is issued by the ITU under ITU G.984 and several amendments have been made. The line rates are 2.5 Gbps and 1.25 Gbps in the downstream and upstream directions, respectively. The GPON data packets are sent time-division multiplexed (TDM) onto the network and the total available bandwidth is shared following the dynamic bandwidth assignment (DBA) protocol. It has concurrencies with the Gigabit Ethernet PTP wavelength allocation scheme because the 1310, 1490 and 1550-nm channels are occupied in GPON for upstream, downstream, and CATV overlay transmission. The GPON line cards typically hold 8 OLT ports and the number of line cards per chassis can be well above 10. It is clear that several 1000’s of users can be served by a single OLT; however, one has to work with high oversubscription factors to be able to offer high bandwidth connectivity.

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